3 edition of Patterns of Mobility Migration and HIV Risk in India found in the catalog.
Patterns of Mobility Migration and HIV Risk in India
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||337|
Mark J. Miller, Ph.D. 2 University of Delaware. Public health has been importantly influenced by human mobility patterns since time immemorial. A rich, but frequently overlooked, tradition of scholarship attests to the significance of understanding human mobility for comprehension of events involving plagues and spatial diffusion of illnesses (Diamond, ; McNeill, ). Female sex workers (FSWs) in India face high levels of physical and sexual violence from clients, madams and police [1, 2, 3].Violence in sex work is associated with FSWs' age [1, 4, 5], early initiation [4, 5, 6], clients alcohol use  and FSWs' movement for work outside their ‘home’ areas [4, 8, 9].Indian FSWs have a high burden of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV [10, 11 Cited by: "Patterns and implications of male migration for HIV prevention strategies in Maharashtra, India," Technical Brief no. 3. New Delhi: Population Council. Saggurti, Niranjan, Ravi K. Verma, Hanimi Reddy, Saumya RamaRao, Ajay Kumar Singh, Vaishali Sharma Mahendra, and Anrudh K. Jain. "Patterns of migration/ mobility and HIV risk among female sex. Key words. Condom, HIV/AIDS, labour migrants, overseas, paid/unpaid partner. Introduction. There is growing recognition that migration is an essential and inevitable component of the economic and social life of every State, and that orderly and properly managed migration can .
Jennifer Hirsch is a professor at the Mailman School of Public Health at Columbia is the Deputy Chair for Doctoral Studies in the Department of Sociomedical Studies, and co-Director of Columbia's Center for Population member of: Jews for Racial and Economic Justice.
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A research study designed to increase understanding of the patterns and factors related to migration and mobility of at-risk populations of sex workers and male migrant workers and to examine the links of migration and mobility with HIV risk was conducted in four states of India experiencing high HIV prevalence, namely Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka Author: Shiva S.
Halli, Raluca Buzdugan, Ravi K. Verma, Stephen Moses, James Blanchard, Anrudh K. Jain, Saum. Mobility is an important factor contributing to the spread of HIV among high risk groups; however, research linking this relationship among men who have sex men (MSM) is scarce in India.
Violence and mobility have been identified as critical factors contributing to the spread of HIV worldwide. This study aimed to assess the independent and combined associations of mobility and violence with sexual risk behaviors and HIV, STI prevalence among female sex workers (FSWs) in by: However, little is known in India about the patterns of mobility of at-risk populations, the nature and extent of the interaction among such groups, and the implications of such migration for the HIV epidemic.
This lack of understanding has been an impediment in planning effective HIV prevention programmes for these vulnerable populations. K arnataka is one of the high hiv prevalence states in india results from national family health survey nfhs-3 indicate that percent of s aged panaji, dec 7 ians out migration patterns of indians in general and goans in particular will now be tracked and stud with the goa university establishing a chair 1/30/ animal migration, linked to weather changes and.
There are many factors that contribute to the vulnerability of migrants to HIV infection. The breakdown of social networks and institutions stemming from migration reduces community cohesion, weakening the social norms that regulate sexual behaviour, leading to risky behaviours and increased exposure to HIV infection.
Mobility is an important factor contributing to the spread of HIV among key population at risk for HIV; however, research linking this relationship among men who have sex men (MSM) is scarce in India.
Many of the same inequalities that drive the spread of HIV also drive migration. Through its HIV/AIDS programme, IOM works to prevent and counter the misinformation, misunderstanding and stigmatization that continue to foster the perceived relationship between migration and HIV/AIDS.
IOM uses a pragmatic and rightsbased approach to bring AIDS prevention and access to care and. international migration patterns of millions of people in resource poor countries as two of the most crucial social issues facing today's world.
While being a migrant in and of itself is not a risk factor, certain activities and conditions that are present throughout the process of migration substantially increase vulnerability to HIV/ Size: KB.
This is a summary report of the structured e-mail discussion on the links between population mobility, migration and HIV in Southern Africa, which was organized by the IOM in collaboration with the Health and Development Networks (HDN).
The discussion took place on the AF-AIDS eForum, the regional eForum on HIV in Africa, from April to August Timor-Leste, the world’s newest democracy, has extremely poor health indicators and high levels of endemic poverty.
Information about migration patterns, mobility and HIV prevalence and knowledge in the country are limited. This study attempted to identify migration patterns and HIV vulnerability in 6 districts of Timor-Leste. We examined the associations between mobility patterns and risk behaviors for HIV and STIs among a random sample of market stalls employing male and female migrant workers in Almaty, Kazakhstan.
First we described the demographics, mobility patterns, sexual risk behaviors, drug-use behaviors, and biomarkers of HIV, syphilis, and HCV among Cited by: We examined the relation between high mobility/migration (sex work in three or more villages/towns within the past year) and HIV risk factors among a sample of female sex workers (FSWs) in Andhra Pradesh, India.
We recruited FSWs aged ≥18 years (n = ) through respondent-driven sampling for a survey on HIV risk. Adjusted logistic and linear Cited by: A research study designed to determine the patterns and drivers of migration and mobility of at-risk populations of male migrant workers and sex workers and to examine the links of migration and mobility with HIV risk was conducted in four states with high HIV prevalence in India, namely Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Maharashtra.
CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): The migration/mobility of female sex workers in search of more clients and more money has been recognized as a challenge in HIV prevention interventions in India. Little is known, however, about the patterns of migration/mobility of female sex workers in India, the facilitators and drivers of their mobility, and the.
among male migrant workers [n = ] in five high in-migration districts of Maharashtra in India during Results: Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that higher mobility. The overall velocity of Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Disease Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) epidemic appears to have stabilized both globally and in India, but the numbers of new infections are still high.(1,2) The Indian National AIDS Control Programme (NACP) places highest priority on preventive efforts among high risk groups including male migrants and long distance truckers.
Male migrants. Among the studies meeting inclusion criteria, HIV risk was associated with multilevel determinants at the levels of policy, sociocultural context, health and mental health, and sexual practices. The policy determinants most often associated with HIV risk were: prolonged and/or frequent absence Cited by: The present paper analyses the trends and pattern of internal migration in India, considering the gender, rural urban categories and durations of mobility, using the latest information from Population Census and National Sample : Amitabh Kundu, Lopamudra Ray Saraswati.
This paper examines the relationship of migration and mobility of husband and wife to sexual risk behaviors among married men living in economically marginal communities in Mumbai, India.
Non-migrant men reported significantly more often than the migrant men that they had one or more sex partners other than their wives in the last by: Introduction. F or those living with chronic illness, such as HIV, geographic mobility complicates engagement with care and adherence to rise in global population mobility means that barriers to health care for mobile populations impact more people each year.
One million people travel internationally each day, 1 and international migrants accounted for 10% of the total. A research study to understand the patterns and drivers of migration and mobility of at-risk populations of male migrant workers and sex workers and to examine the links of migration and mobility with HIV risk was conducted in four states of India with high HIV prevalence, namely Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Maharashtra.
Migration and population mobility have long been regarded as important structural factors driving HIV. Concerns in the public health literature conflict to some extent with the economics and international development literature, in which migration is often viewed as beneficial and desirable.
Objectives. We examined the relationships between mobility characteristics and sexual risk behaviors among male and female migrant market vendors in Almaty, s. Participants completed a structured interview covering sociodemographics, mobility characteristics, sexual behaviors, and biomarkers for HIV, HCV, and syphilis.
We used multivariate analyses to examine associations Cited by: Introduction. Globally, low- and middle-income countries continue to witness mass internal and external labor migration and mobility[1, 2], which has been associated with risks for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs).Research has identified higher rates of STIs and sexual risk behavior among labor migrants compared to non-migrant men[4–8].Cited by: The growth of migration and popula-tion mobility, international trade and communication technologies are shap-ing global health.
The relationships between these globalizing processes and health are introducing health into foreign policy discussions. Migration and mobility feature prominently in this dialogue by addressing the disease risks. Here, we assess patterns of migration at the individual and community levels and their association with HIV using longitudinal population-based data from persons aged 15–49 years of known HIV Author: Mary Kate Grabowski, Justin Lessler, Jeremiah Bazaale, Dorean Nabukalu, Justine Nankinga, Betty Nant.
While human mobility has been implicated in fueling the HIV epidemic in South Africa, the link between migration and HIV has not been systematically reviewed and quantified. We conducted a systematic review of the role of migration in HIV risk acquisition and sexual behaviour based on 29 studies published between and Furthermore, we performed a meta-analysis of the Cited by: 4.
Given this higher HIV prevalence, migrants are typically considered a high HIV risk group , and their mobility is often cited as one of the most important factors in the spread of HIV in SSA. HIV&AIDS vulnerability is essential for isolating risk factors and devising responses that reduce their impact.
RESEARCH DESIGN Technical focus The overall aim of this study is to understand migration and mobility patterns, access to health services and vulnerabilities of female fish traders in the Kafue Flats, Zambia. Abstract. BackgroundHigh rates of population movement may have helped spread human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in southern Africa, including Zimbabwe, but whether mobility continues to influence the epidemic is unclear.
MethodsThe relationship between movement, risk behaviors, and prevalence of HIV was assessed from a general population survey of > adults in 12 rural Cited by: This population-based cohort study examined the causal relationship between patterns of mobility and risk of HIV acquisition in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
The study used data (–) from a demographic information system of the Africa Health Research Institute, along with complete geolocated residential histories.
Tanvi Rai, Helen S. Lambert, Annick B. Borquez, Niranjan Saggurti, Bidhubhushan Mahapatra, Helen Ward, Circular Labor Migration and HIV in India: Exploring Heterogeneity in Bridge Populations Connecting Areas of High and Low HIV Infection Prevalence, The Journal of Infectious Diseases, VolumeIssue suppl_2, DecemberPages S–S Cited by: 8.
HIV is spread through structured sexual networks, which are influenced by migration patterns, but network-oriented studies of mobility and HIV risk behavior have been limited. OBJECTIVE. We present a comprehensive description and initial results from our Migration & HIV in Ghana (MHG) study in Agbogbloshie, an urban slum area within Accra, Ghana.
Migration and geographic mobility increase risk for HIV infection and may influence engagement in HIV care and adherence to antiretroviral therapy. Our goal is to use the migration-linked communities of Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, and New York City, New York, to determine the impact of geographic mobility on HIV care engagement and Cited by: One of the infectious diseases most frequently associated with these situations is cholera.
Migrations are constituted by persons who go to a country or region and stay for a long time. The 20th and 21st centuries have witnessed the migration of multiple populations due to war, civil unrest, ethnic cleansing, genocide, economic migration, and Cited by: This paper reports on research conducted as part of a 5-year () knowledge building grant assessing the patterns of male migration and its relationship with HIV risk behaviors from 21 districts with high in-migration across four states in southern (Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu) and western (Maharashtra) India, identified as high HIV epidemic states by the Indian National Cited by: The number of international migrants worldwide has grown rapidly in recent years, reaching million in Migration is inextricably linked to HIV risk (ie, individual factors) and vulnerability (ie, structural factors), particularly in sub-Saharan Africa.
Migration increases HIV Cited by: 1. This assessment involved a survey of migrant workers in 12 factories through a questionnaire, ten focus group discussions with male and female migrant factory workers, and six focus group discussions with migrant female sex workers in The study focused on both migration patterns and related issues, as well as the respondents’ HIV risks and vulnerabilities.
illegal cross-border mobility. Migration laws and policies The Ministry of Expatriate Welfare and Overseas Employment is entrusted with protecting the rights Box 1 HIV in Bangladesh – HIV prevalence is considered very low at below % in the general population; however, amongstCited by: 9.
Human Mobility and Malaria - Overview. Malaria continues to be a global public health concern that disrupts development goal progress for many countries despite significant progress in reducing malaria cases and deaths around the world. Human mobility and migration pose as major challenges in malaria elimination and control.In many countries, HIV has been most visible in the early stages of the epidemic along truck routes, in trading towns, and in border areas where populations are highly mobile.
Mobility itself has been identified as a risk factor for HIV infection, as data suggest that HIV spreads along migration routes. HIV prevalence was particularly high at.HIV is more likely to be a result of ‘the conditions and structure of the migration process than the actual dissemination of the virus along the corridors of migration.’ Much of the research on Southern Africa’s HIV and AIDS epidemic has neglected important.